History & Geography

(Click on any photo to see our History Class Photo Album)

Physical Geography

  1. The Primary Globes (Age 3-5): globes for the very young child that isolate single concepts of globe study-how land and water are shown, and the corresponding shapes of the continents that they learned from the puzzle maps.
  2. The Puzzle Maps (Age 3-7): the continents, the countries of each continent, and the states of the U.S. They are presented to the children at an early age, and are at first enjoyed simply as challenging puzzles. Soon, however, the children begin to learn the names of given countries, and by age 6 are normally very familiar with the continents of the globe, the nations of North America, South America, and Europe, along with most of the states of the U.S. As soon as the children can read they begin to lay the puzzle pieces out and place the appropriate name labels to each as a reading and geography exercise.
  3. Land & Water Formations: materials designed to help the very young child understand basic land and water formations such as island, isthmus, peninsula, strait, lake, cape, bay, archipelago, etc., they are represented by three-dimensional models of each.
  4. Transference to maps: Introduction to written names and various forms of maps, along with early study of the flora, fauna, landscapes, and people of the continents.
  5. Maps and compass: Introduction to longitude and latitude, coordinate position on the globe, the Earth's poles, the magnetic poles, history and use of the compass, topographic maps, global positioning satellite devices, electronic charts.
  6. An introduction to humankind's search to understand how the Earth was formed, from creation stories to the evidence of contemporary scientific research: origins, geologic forces, formations of the oceans and atmosphere, continental drift and tectonic plates, volcanoes, earth quakes, the ice ages and the formation of mountain ranges.
  7. The study of coasts and landforms: hills, mountain ranges, volcanoes, valleys, plains, etc.; their formation, animal life, and effect on people. The study of the hydrosphere: ocean, rivers, lakes, and the water cycle.

Cultural Geography

Countries are studied at all levels in many ways, beginning at age 3-4. Many studies are held every year to focus on specific cultures and to celebrate life together. The children's interests are used to help them become familiar with the countries of the world: flags, boundaries, climate, traditional dress, houses, major cities, children's toys and games, stamps, coins, traditional foods, art, music, and history. Study of the regions, culture, and natural resources of the United States, including geography, climate, flora and fauna, major rivers and lakes, capitals, important cities, mountains, people, regional foods, traditions, etc. This begins in the primary and continues at increasing depth at each level. The detailed study of one nation at a time, all aspects are considered: geography, climate, flora and fauna, major rivers and lakes, cities, mountains, people, food, religions, etc.

Economic Geography (Upper Elementary)

Natural resources of the earth; how natural resources are used by people; imports and exports, and the interdependence of nations.

History and The Needs All People Share

The basic needs of man are food, shelter, clothing, defense, transportation, culture, law, religion or spiritual enlightenment, love, and adornment. This study begins at age 5-6 and continues throughout the curriculum. The concept of time and historical time is developed through many activities, like telling time on the clock, time lines of child's life, time lines of a day, week, month or year.

The story of the evolution of the planet and its life forms over the eons is first studied at about age 6, along with an overview of human history. This is repeated throughout the curriculum in increasing depth of study. The Upper Elementary level (ages 9-12) history program follows a three-year cycle study. The class focuses on the creation of the universe, formation of the earth, evolution of life, and early human civilizations.


History Class Photo Album

Practical Life Skills

Sensory Training

Reading and Language Arts



Supplementary Activities


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